Added: Delia Philson - Date: 19.03.2022 15:28 - Views: 36702 - Clicks: 9611
Head halters are commonly used as an alternative to neck control collars and have many advantages. Secondly, dogs pulling on neck collars can injure themselves as the collar presses into the trachea and neck. In addition, ocular pressure pressure within the eyes may increase with pressure against a neck collar, which may prove a risk to dogs with glaucoma.
Dogs that pull may also be at greater risk of becoming aggressive to strangers or dogs that they meet on walks if they are punished or choked each time they meet a new person or animal. However, if you know your pet has an aggression problem, a muzzle may be more suitable as it will prevent biting without having to rely on owner control. The head halter is an excellent aid for control and training. However, it is primarily a tool to help you achieve success. Some time and effort will be needed for your dog to adapt to wearing a head halter, and for you to ensure that it is fitted and used correctly.
Although it may be possible to use the head halter successfully with the aid of the support materials that accompany the head halter along with this handoutadditional guidance from a trainer who is familiar with head halter use may help to ensure success. Briefly, head halters work by applying pressure behind the neck and around the muzzle so that the pet can be prompted to display the desired response. As soon as the desired response is achieved, the release of tension negative reinforcement and the presentation of a reward positive reinforcement can be used to increase the chance of the pet repeating the behavior as it learns the target behavior that achieves reinforcement.
Because pets tend to pull against pressure, a strategic but gentle pull in just the right direction may be all that is needed to get your pet moving in the opposite direction. With a few inches of slack on the leash the dog can be taught to walk on a loose leash by gently pulling the head back and releasing when the dog is walking by your side, or by pulling forward which should cause the dog to back up. Pulling more firmly will close the mouth to stop barking or biting, while a pull upward and forward with the aid of the second hand cupped under the chin if necessary should ensure a sit.
Should the pet start to rise, a gentle pull upward and forward should help to maintain the sit, provided the release is properly timed to occur as soon as the sit is achieved. Interestingly many dogs will move into a protracted and settled down when they realize that they are unable to rise from the sit. A Need some head soon continuous pull rather than a jerk should be used to achieve the desired behavior. Once success is achieved, training should proceed to varied environments and slightly more complex tasks e. The head halter can also serve as a tool to interrupt undesirable behavior and achieve the desirable response during training.
Similarly a pull on the leash can be used to immediately curtail pulling, barking, chewing, stealing, stool eating and some forms of aggression. With a long leash left attached, the head halter can also be used to interrupt behaviors from afar such as garbage raiding, house soiling or digging.
Halters themselves are not cruel, but like any collar they can cause irritation if a little time is not spent fitting the halter properly and training your animal to accept wearing it. If the guidelines below are followed, your pet should actually enjoy wearing the halter.
The most common errors are to immediately think your dog will accept the new sensation on its face, and allowing it to get the Need some head soon off. Show your dog the halter, let him sniff to investigate it, and hold a treat through the open noseband so he voluntarily puts his nose through the opening.
This starts to build a positive association with the muzzle loop. Some dogs may need to first associate the sight of the head halter and touching the head halter target training before applying over the nose.
Before proceeding to attaching the full halter, adjust the neck strap as with most other neck collars, but ensure a snug fit see fitting below. Gradually expect more from Need some head soon pet when you introduce the halter. Put the halter on and reward your dog with it on and again when you take it off. Slowly increase the time you leave it on and practice feeding treats with the halter on, but only when he is not pawing or rubbing at the collar.
You may be able to keep your dog distracted by playing a game, giving treats or going for a short walk with the leash attached to the neck collar. Alternately you can leave the leash attached and use a gentle pull if your dog tries to paw at or pull off the head halter.
Next you can apply the head halter and lead, and leave the leash trailing. You should aim to work towards keeping your dog haltered for about 5 to 10 minutes. Try to keep your dog distracted and playing and give rewards when he is not focusing on the head halter. You should be animated and talk to him continuously, with lots of verbal praise. This also serves as a distraction from the halter, which reduces the chances of him pawing at it. You can use a lure or target and many small tasty rewards to keep your dog focused and on task.
Training can begin indoors, in your yard or on a short walk. Make sure you frequently change directions by applying gentle tension to the lead while keeping up the praise and treats. Alternatively you might play a game such as turning circles, in which your pet is encouraged to gently turn in one direction then the other. In this way your dog learns that you have control of the head with light pressure and verbal commands.
Never remove the halter when your pet is trying to remove it. He can be encouraged to leave it alone by a slight tug on a lead. When he relaxes, the halter can be removed. Consider whether you are expecting too much too soon. The important rule is to work at a rate that your pet can accept and cope with.
This may mean that the whole program may take a few days rather than a few minutes. In some cases, a faster acclimating technique may be preferred. First adjust and fit the neck strap and then take it off. Next, using treats or a favored toy as a lure, distraction, and reward, slip the nose strap over the nose and continue to distract the dog with the treats or toy while attaching the neck strap.
Then, using a leash, favored food treats and plenty of praise, it may be possible to play with your dog or take him for a short walk while he gets accustomed to the head halter.
By making the walk fun, keeping your dog distracted, and using food rewards to mark the desirable response, many pets will adapt to the head halter by the end of the first training session. The keys to head halter success are to ensure proper fit, to understand how to apply and release pressure in training, and to understand the proper use of rewards.
Ensure proper fit : The head halter should fit high against the back of the skull and snug enough that it will not slip around the neck when the leash is pulled. By ensuring a snug fit of the neck strap, the nose band can be adjusted so that there is little or no constriction.
When first applying the head halter, it can be helpful to first ensure that the neck strap is properly adjusted, and then remove the neck collar. Next, offer food treats through the nose loop and when the dog extends its nose through the loop. Give the treats to reward and distract the dog while attaching the neck strap.
Get the desired response: By constantly maintaining a few inches of slack on the leash, only a short gentle pull should be needed to get the desired response. A pull up and forward can achieve eye contact for target training, control, and safetyclose the mouth, and get the dog to heel, sit or focus. As soon as the desired response can be consistently achieved, a cue word command can then be added. Motivate: An encouraging calm voice, targeting, and appealing eye contact should be used to help motivate the pet to respond. Positive reinforcement is then given when the dog responds appropriately.
Use command training: If the owner gives a command and the dog does not immediately respond, the head halter is pulled immediately and gently but firm enough to succeed to achieve the desired response sit, heel, quiet. The owner then releases tension as soon as the desired response is achieved. If the desired response is maintained, a reward is given immediately e. In practice, the behavior should not be given a name or command until you can reliably achieve the desired behavior. Pull — release — reward: By pulling on the head halter, the desired behavior can be quickly achieved and the pressure released when the response has been achieved.
As the owner releases by letting out a small amount of slackthe dog may then continue to exhibit the desired response for which a reward should be given or may begin to the undesirable response e. In some cases it may take numerous repetitions of the pull and release to get the desired response but the total time to Need some head soon success might not be much more than a few seconds.
By releasing only a small amount of slack, it will require only a slight pull to regain control. Once the head halter is fitted properly and can be used Need some head soon to achieve a relaxed sit and heel in the absence of any distractions, the owner can proceed to more complex tasks and more difficult environments.
To achieve a relaxed sit and focus, the dog can be taught to sit and stay for gradually longer periods of time before the reward is given. The leash should be relaxed with a few inches of slack, but if the dog begins to rise or break focus a gentle pull up and forward should be used to maintain the sit. The owner can then begin to move away from the dog still maintaining only an inch or two of slack to train the dog to stay and not to follow or lunge forward. To teach a relaxed down, the dog is reinforced for lying in place with a short amount of slack on the leash, and reinforced for gradually longer down times.
If the dog begins to rise during the session the leash is used to maintain the down position. Rewards are given and the dog released to rise at the end of each session. Relaxation can be observed by monitoring breathing and body postures e. Another useful command is to teach the dog to go to its mat or bed and stay in place until released. Again progressively longer and more relaxed behavior should be reinforced before release.
Once the dog will settle and relax in a sit, down, or on its bed, these commands can be used as part of a program to improve undesirable behavior. Since the goal of retraining is to teach the dog the desired response, rather than to punish undesirable behavior, the commands and head halter can be used to help achieve success.
For example the dog can be trained to sit and focus or to lie down calmly when visitors come to the front door and be reinforced for proper greeting behavior. When the person or animal approaching cannot be effectively controlled, or if there is a limit to how close your dog can approach another dog or person, the goal is to end each exposure with a calm and positive outcome.
Teaching the dog to back up can usually be accomplished quite quickly with head halter training by pulling forward on the leash and taking a step or two backward.
Lures and targets can be used to more quickly achieve the desired outcome, as long as the pet is immediately rewarded with a release and a positive reinforcer if available as soon as it backs up a few steps. Make a game of the back up exercise so that the pet can eventually move back 20 paces or more on command.
A lure or target may quickly achieve these goals in a positive way, but a gentle pull on the head halter and a release and positive reinforcer as the dog begins to follow can ensure that the head is turned in the direction of the owner and reward and away from the stimulus.Need some head soon
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True or False: A Person With a Serious Head Injury or Concussion Should Be Kept Awake